The Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA), situated 5.56 km east of Kathmandu city is in the heart of the Kathmandu Valley. TIA is amid the confluence of three ancient cities viz. Kathmandu, Bhaktapur and Patan, rich in their art and culture not only gifted for their temples and pagoda - but above all they posses smiling men and women, the pride of the nation. Hence TIA not only has flourished as the main hub for every expanding business of the country but has proudly catered to various domestic and international airlines.
TTIA under Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal has its various goals and objectives which can be underlined as follows:
|Coordinates||274150N - 0852128E|
|Reference Temperaturee||27.8 C|
|Runway Dimension||10000 ft. x 150 ft.|
|Runway Surface Strength||54 F/A/W/T|
|Apron Capacity - Int'l||9 Medium and Wide Body Category Aircraft|
|- Domestic||17 Small Aircraft|
|Fire Fighting Category||Cat IX|
|Service||Air Traffic Control Service (aerodrome Control, Approach Control and Area Control)|
|Aeronautical communication Service|
|Aeronautical Information Service|
The chronicles of the Nepalese aviation reveal us some of the most interesting facts and figures especially how this tiny green. cow-grazing pastures, the "Gaucharan", metamorphosed into the present TIA. Some of the major events can be identified as:
The landing of the single engine aircraft in Kathmandu Airport the door to aviation in Nepal.
A Dakota Aircraft (DC3) of an Indian Registration commenced the first ever Schedule Service Ofl 20th February, linking Kathmandu to Patna, Calcutta and Delhi.
Witnessed the historical and auspicious landing of Late H.M. King Trihhuvan B.B. Shah in the month of February, ushering in the waves of Democracy into Nepal.
Commencement of the Domestic schedule flights from Kathmandu to Pokhara, Bhairahawa, Simara and Biratnagar.
Kathmandu Airport named as Tribhuvan Airport in June 15.
The formal establishment of the Department of Civil Aviation.
Declaring Tribhuvan Airport as Tribhuvan International Airport
The runway l6/34 of 3700 ft. was abandoned for the Runway 02/20 of 6600 ft. in length.
Air Traffic Services were taken over by the Nepalese personnel from Indian personnel.
With the joint effort of the ADB and OPEC, the Runway 02/20 extended to 10,000 ft. in length.
Re-strengthening of Runway 02/20
The overlay of Runway 02/20 apron extension, with the development of the terminal complex.
Taxiway overlay with completion of the Operation/Airlines and Control Tower building.
Completion of International Terminal Building and first landing of Concorde.
On February 18, the inauguration of the newly built TIA complex by His Majesty King Birendra B.B.Shah Dev.
Private airlines started services in domestic sector.
Landing of heavy jest C5 and AN 124 during the flood disaster in central Nepal.
International and domestic apron expansion; rating and licencing system of air traffic controllers introduced.
Work started for the installation of ASR/SSR radar system; domestic terminal building expansion; V-SAT terminal and AMSS system installation.
Radar on test operation.
Rt. Hon'ble Prime Minister G.P. Koirala inaugurated the Radar systems at TIA on 9th September; ASR/SSR brought into operation.